what is cat5 cable
Cat 5 is the fifth generation of twisted pair Ethernet cabling, and the most popular one these days. Made up of four copper wires, it is limited to a length of 100 meters. Usually it only requires two of the copper wires to connect to faster speeds. A newer version the CAT5e is designed to bear networking at gigabyte Ethernet speeds up to 1000mpbs (over short distances) it can utilize all the four wires and is backward compatible.
There are two types of CAT5 cables, solid or stranded.
Whereas solid works well for longer lengths and fixed wiring configurations, the stranded cables is more flexible and better for short distances and is also more movable (patchable cabling).
There are also newer versions of the CAT5 coming out, such as the CAT6 and CAT7 but so far CAT5 remains a popular choice due to its affordability and support of high speeds.