What is Peer to Peer Networking
Peer-to-peer networking is quite different from client server networking. Whereas in client server, there is usually one machine with the responsibility for storing data, in peer networking ALL the machines as clients and servers for one another. Usually home networks, whether wired or wireless, are peer networks ( particularly LAN).
The machines involved in a peer network have the same applications and support the same protocol. By connecting to the internet, it possible to have a peer network that is spread throughout the world, but these p2p networks, such as napster, are not pure peer networks they just simply use a central server for searching ( also home wireless network are both peer and client server, The router provides centralized Internet connection sharing, but file, printer and other resource sharing is managed directly between the local computers involved).
Wireless networks that allow ad hoc connections are an example of pure peer networking.
Peer networks are beneficial because they allow data sharing and resource sharing by configuring peer workgroups. They are capable of handling big loads of work as it is spread over many machines. They are not reliant on a central server so they are more reliant in themselves and are more dependable in cases like online traffic.